In this chapter, we explore the chemical elements that make up minerals. Starting with the Big Bang and the creation of the elements, we move on to atomic structure, electron orbitals, and ionic radii to understand how the elements combine to form minerals (and how these same properties determine the color of minerals). Finally, we study the many different ways elements combine by considering chemical substitution and the effects of temperature and pressure during mineral formation.
Topics covered in Chapter 7 include:
• The Big Bang
• Atomic Structure
• Color in Minerals
• Chemical Substitution
• Phase Diagrams
This Mineralogy and Optical Mineralogy Series is specifically designed to take full advantage of digital media technology to empower students and teachers of mineralogy. Using color photographs, illustrations, movies, 3D models that can be rotated, interactive diagrams, and review questions, this series makes a challenging subject approachable. Also, each chapter in the series is available separately allowing the reader to pick and choose only those chapters they need for their specific course.